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Posted by TTN Palawan on

You are too afraid to ask at a coffee shop
What's the difference between light roast and dark roast

Light roast

  • a light roast brings out the character of coffee. It's more like eating a filet mignon cooked medium rare. A dark roast would be like eating a filet mignon well-done.
  • A sweet, floral flavor

Dark roast

  • a dark roast is not necessarily "stronger," it's just different. It's like comparing an IPA to a stout - the two are not compared just by their "strength," but in terms of richness, complexity, and how they're prepared.
  • Has a bittersweet flavor

The beans are roasted for a longer period of time and at higher temperatures in a dark roast.


  • half as much caffeine as Robusta
  • 70% of the world's coffee is Arabica
  • sweeter and softer taste


  • twice as much caffeine as Arabica
  • 30% of the world's coffee is Robusta
  • stronger, harsher taste

Arabica and Robusta are two different species of coffee, and all the coffee you drink falls into one of these two categories. Robusta coffee plants can grow at lower altitudes and produce fruit more quickly than Arabica. Robustas mostly come from Africa and Indonesia, while the more-expensive Arabica beans primarily come from Latin America.


  • Made by forcing very hot water under high pressure through finely ground coffee
  • Higher concentration of caffeine, ounce for ounce
  • This high pressure produces a "crema," which is the creamy, golden layer floating on the top of an espresso. Combining the cream with steamed milk is what creates the texture and flavor of a latte.


  • Made by pouring boiling water over medium-coarse grounds. This passes through a filter and winds up in a coffee pot.
  • A lower concentration of caffeine than espresso, ounce for ounce, but you typically wind up drinking more of it, so you buzz really depends on your intake.

Espresso - fine grind, high pressure, has a crema.

Drip - coarse grind, no pressure, no crema

 Caffe latte:

  • A little bit of foam on top
  • Contains more steamed milk than a cappuccino
  • Creamier flavor


  • Lots of foam on top
  • Contains less steamed milk than a latte
  • Flavor is drier

A cappuccino is prepared with less steamed milk but actually ends up with more milk foam on top than a latte.

Caffe latte:

  • Made with espresso and steamed milk
  • Ordering it makes you sound like Joe Schmoe

Cafe au lait:
Drip coffee

  • Made with drip coffee and steamed milk
  • Ordering it make you sound like Admiral Fancy Pants

The difference is pretty basic: a latte is made from drip coffee.


  • When you say "espresso," you're actually saying "pressed" in Italian. Awesome, yes?


  • When you say "expresso." you're actually saying "I'm a moron" in English.

Types of Coffee Grind
Effects of Coffee On Your Body

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